Current position:HomeIntroduction of ShaanxiAbout Shaanxi


Information source:collation of the home website  Time of publication:2011-02-25 16:35:00


Xi’an is the center of highway, railway and air traffic in China’s land transport. In Shaanxi, a “Star-shaped” expressway network centering on Xi’an is created under the framework of national highway trunk lines and big west channel, which connects to 11 cities inside the province and other cities outside the province.

There are 17 trunk and tributary railway lines within territory of Shaanxi that have a total traffic mileage of 2821 kilometers. A railway channel that extends 1100-odd kilometers from north to south has been built in Shaanxi. Due to its possession of most of international airlines in West China, Xi’an ranks fourth only next to Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. Located inland, Xi’an has opened 29 international air routes leading to all major cities in the world. As one of the six regional hub airports in China, Xi’an Xianyang International Airport has built business contacts with nearly 30 airlines both at home and abroad and opened more than 120 domestic and international routes. In 2010, the highways in Shaanxi section of Qingdao-Lanzhou super highway was completed and open to traffic, resulting in a breakthrough of mileage in highway open to traffic of 3000km in Shaanxi that reaches up to 3458 kilometers and connects to 8 peripheral provinces and regions as well as 81 internal counties and districts.

(1) Highways

In early years after liberation in 1949, highway mileage of Shaanxi was 4323km and actual all-weather traffic mileage was 240km. Today, a highway network of interlaced main and branch frameworks has been built extending to all directions, including the first high-grade highway in Shaanxi – first class highway from Xi’an to Sanyuan, the first mountainous highway in Shaanxi from Mianxian to Ningqiang, the first desert highway in China from Yulin to Jingbian as well as so-called “First Tunnel in Asia” - Mount Zhongnan Tunnel running through Qinling Mountains.

Total highway mileage of Shaanxi is 144,000 kilometers, with a highway density of 70km per one hundred square kilometers. Mileages of highways completed and open to traffic break through 3000km, ranking first in West China.

In 2010, mileage in highways open to traffic in Shaanxi broke through 3000km. About 80 counties (cities or districts) of Shaanxi were joined by highways. The increasingly improved highway network is becoming a Golden Channel to drive provincial economic development.

(2) Railways

In 2010, railways under construction in Shaanxi were about 2600km with an annual investment of about RMB25 billion increasing by 3 billion over previous year. In future 3-5 years, Xi’an Freight and Passenger Transport Hub Center will be built, including two passenger traffic channels: east-west one extending from Shanghai to Zhengzhou, Xi’an, Lanzhou and Urumqi and even to Central Asia, and north-south one extending from Beijing to Taiyuan, Xi’an, Chengdu and Kunming, as well as three north-south and four east-west freight channels: the former includes the first channel from Zhongwei to Baoji and Chengdu, second channel from Yinchuan to Xi’an and Ankang and third channel from Baotou to Xi’an and Hefei while the latter includes Taiyuan-Zhongwei-Yinchuan railway line, Pingliang-Hancheng-Houma railway line, Lianyungang-Lanzhou line and Yangpingguan-Ankang-Wuhan line. Upon completion of above railways lines, the length of railway lines in service will be 5700 kilometers. At the time, a railway network leading to all directions will come into being.

After implementation of the National Planning for Medium- and Long-term Railway Network, Shaanxi’s location advantage becomes more prominent and a traffic hub center will be built in Xi’an. By 2015, it is predictable that a so-called “2581” railway framework will emerge in Xi’an, where “2” stands for two north-south railways, “5” for east-west railways, “8” for railways extending to all directions and “1” for an intercity high-speed railway; the length of railway lines in service will be about 6000km, ranking sixth in China, including 3900km mileage of double-tracking lines and 4500km mileage of electrified lines, with a railway network density of 2.91km per hundred square meters; amount of goods delivered by railways will be 500 million tons and that of passengers transported will be higher than 110 million person-times.

(3) Air traffic

As one of the eight national regional hub airports, Xi’an Xianyang International Airport has a location advantage as a bridge that links east to west and north to south, is a key air harbor for domestic trunk airlines and an international airport for scheduled flights, is an important nodal point of national flight routes, and ranks eighth in throughput.

International air routes from Xi’an Xianyang International Airport via Shanghai to eight cities in Europe, America and Asia have opened. So far, 28 international routes are in the possession of Xi’an, a city in western region that ranks fourth of air traffic hub cites, only next to Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. In addition, Xi’an Xianyang International Airport has 5 international direct service terminals such as Seoul, Busan, Tokyo, Nagoya and Bangkok.

On Dec 31st, 2010, passenger throughput of Xi’an Xianyang International Airport reached 18 million person-times with a net increase of 2.7 million person-times year on year at the rate of 17.7%, taking the eighth place of civil airports in China and ranking third among airports with passenger throughput exceeding a hundred million, only next to Shanghai Pudong Airport and Hongqiao Airport driven by Shanghai Expo. Throughput of cargos and mails reached up to 157,000 tons, increased by 24.7% over previous year, the greatest rate of increase of Xi’an airfreight in recent decade. Outstanding performance of main industries symbolized a satisfactory conclusion of the “11th Five-year Plan” period and paved the way for a good start of the 12th Five-year Plan period and new undertakings.

As one of the 18 key projects initiated in 2009 for development of western regions, Xi’an Xianyang International Airport project (Phase II) with a total investment of RMB9.76 billion yuans is designed and constructed to meet needs of 31 million person-time throughput of passengers and 400,000-ton throughput of cargos and mails reckoned on a full year, and will go into service in 2012 as scheduled.

A new pattern of civil airports composed of Xi’an Xianyang International Airport and those located in Yulin, Hanzhong, Yan’an and Ankang indicates the birth of a big aviation network in Shaanxi.

(4) Xi’an Subway

As required by objectives of 2005 planning for turning Xi’an into an international metropolis, six subway lines will be built in Xi’an and extend 252km in full length. On this base, rail transit planning was worked out officially last year, proposing 15 subway lines in Xi’an with full length of about 600km. Currently, the planning for Xi’an Subway has passed examination and review by experts and will be completed by 2040 with about 350-km mileage of lines open to traffic by 2030 to meet needs of urban rail transit as an international metropolis.

Service area of Xi’an Subway will cover 52 out of 61 passenger hubs in the city through direct connections or extensions of subway lines leading to central cities and towns; hopefully, passenger carrying capacity of rail transit will count for 25% of residents’ trips.

In 2011, construction of Xi’an Subway will receive an investment of RMB4 billion yuans; by the end of 2011, Line 1 tunnel will be fundamentally open; on Sep 28th, 2011, Line 2 will be available for commissioning and Line 3 will commence in October.


In recent years, logistics industry in Shaanxi grows rapidly and service level improves notably. Xi’an is the largest logistics distribution center in West China.

As one of the top nine logistics regions in China and one of top ten logistics channels in western region, Xi’an is a focal point of logistics channel between northwestern and southwestern areas. Construction of three logistics parks, such as Xi’an International Trade & Logistics Park, Xianyang Airport and Baoji Chencang Logistics Park, is in progress.

It is predicted that added value of Shaanxi logistics in 2011 will reach up to RMB103.6 billion, which contributes to a modern logistics service system that centers on Xi’an and is supported by such focal points as Baoji, Xianyang, Weinan, Yulin and Hanzhong.


    In 2010, total volume of postal and communications services in Shaanxi was RMB68.347 billion, increased by 6.2% over previous year, where RMB65.465 billion came from Telecom, increasing by 5.9% and RMB2.881 billion from postal service, increasing by 12.7%. Broadcasting coverage of population was 94.42% and that of TV was 95.92%.

Electric power

Shaanxi Grid is a main part of Northwest Grid. Northwest Grid providing sufficient electric power supply is one of the main power sources of national electric transmission from west to east and relies on well-known hydroelectric base along upper reaches of the Yellow River and important energy bases in Shaanxi and Ningxia. Installed capacity of electric power in Shaanxi is more than 8.1 million Kw; thermal and hydraulic power plants make the best of each other to ensure provincial power supply. 330KV power supply is available in 107 counties (cities and districts) in Shaanxi.

Since 2010, electric power supply operates steadily in general. Output and use of electricity drop monthly. Trans-provincial and regional trade of electric power grows rapidly. Therefore, power generating businesses are getting better and unit efficiency under unified management is improving.

In 2010, electric energy production was 87.686 billion Kwh in aggregate, increasing by 19.73% year on year; total social consumption of electricity was 85.922 billion Kwh, increasing by 16.09% year on year. According to power consumption by tertiary industry and residents, the secondary industry contributed much to increased consumption; tertiary industry witnessed steady growth; utilization of urban and rural residents in domestic living was influenced by climate. Power consumed by primary industry was 3.913 billion kwh, increased by 2.74% over previous year at lower rate; the secondary industry consumed 58.952 billion kwh, increasing by 16.89%, contributed 71.51% to total social growth of power consumption and was a main factor that mainlined high-level growth of social utilization of power; the tertiary industry consumed 11.819 billion kwh, increasing by 9.13% over previous year; rapid consumption of power by residents in domestic living was 11.238 billion kwh, increasing by 25.73% over previous year.

With enhancement of national macro-control, less consumption of electric power was found in major industries; last year, industrial consumption was 57.305 billion kwh, increased by 16.42% over previous year, a main contributor that counted for 67.85% of total social growth of power consumption. Power consumed by light and heavy industries was 5.558 billion kwh and 51.747 billion kwh respectively, increasing severally by 3.97% and 17.94% year on year. Electric quantity transmitted by Shaanxi Grid to other provinces was 4.271 billion kwh, increasing 3.7 times over previous year; electric quantity transmitted from other provinces was 2 billion kwh, increasing 1.55 times.

In 2010, the number average utilization hours of generating equipment in Shaanxi Grid was 4317h, increased by 248h at same period in previous year, where the number of average utilization hours of coal-fired equipment was 4414h, increased by 294h at same period in previous year.

Fuel gas

    Shaanxi natural gas originates from gas field in central part of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia basin in Jingbian County that has an average deliverability of 2,197 million cubic meters per day. Total gas supply of Xi’an is 849 million cubic meters per year and has a popularizing rate of 97.7% utilization of fuel gas.

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